Addition : a) The ideal fist position is about 20 cms from the horizontal shoulder line, the arm to be kept about 30 degrees to the front, Diagram (1). When my teacher Yamamoto Takuji was still a beginner Oh-e Sensei had told him to practice as in Diagram (2). He thought this was rather unusual and asked why.
1, Pushing the abdomen and waist a little forward at the same time.
2, Also push the right hand thumb a little forward at the same time.
If we keep the above two points in mind during practice, it is possible to make the transition from Diagram (2) to Diagram (1).
Question 3. Is the Kissaki position the same level as the fist?
Answer, Yes, this is quite correct. However, it is acceptable if the Kissaki is slightly lower than that of the fist.
Addition : In Nukitsuke,, the grip height was kept level with the right shoulder and the back of the hand was kept horizontal. The Kissaki should automatically be slightly lower than the fist. Obviously a great deal of practice with important detail is essential.
Question 4. The angle of the sword arm?
Answer. As stated in Answer 2. I do not think is necessary to re-explain at this point. Look at Diagrams (1) and (2) and compare the difference between them.
Addition : As in Question 2.
Question 5. The position of the right fist in Seiza-Noto.
Answer. Is the case of teaching ;
1) Beginners -- After finishing Chiburui, push the fist slightly forward to the right when bringing the Mune back to the Koikuchi (edge upward). At a beginners level this action will seem to be a little unnatural, but it will improve in time.
2) Advanced students -- Without pushing the fist forward, take Noto action using Sayabiki technique (Seiza, Tatehiza, Oku Iai are all the same).
Addition : The fist movement after Chiburui is very important. It is difficult to give a literary explanation. However the 18th Master Hokiyama Namio described this action as being done like Rubbing the bottom of a saucepan with the Kissaki.
My interpretation regarding this explanation is ;
a) Do Noto in one without stopping.
b) Whilst turning the blade edge to point upward, keep pushing the Kissaki forward very slightly with the intention of attacking the opponent.
c) Bring the Mune onto the Koikuchi in a continuous smooth movement.
Question 6. Forward movement of Nukitsuke footwork?
Addition : The important points of foot movement and position are shown below in diagram (B). My teacher taught me to aim for diagram (A), because using this method, it is easier to adopt a correct posture and spirit. Please try to reason out both and decide for yourself.
Question 7. How about Chiburui in the Tatehiza section?
Answer Chiburui is towards the right-front of the body. Also The Kissaki finishes lower than the fist.
Addition : In traditional Eishin Ryu (Tatehiza), the right fist and the Kissaki are on the same straight line. With exception to shaking real blood of a sword, the Kissaki would practically end up a little outside the fist line. Hokiyama Sensei approved of this concept. Another actuality is that, when Nakayama Hakudo Sensei taught Omori- Ryu at the Toyama Army School in 1922 , he said that in Yaegaki (In-yo- Shintai in Shinden Ryu), Chiburui should be done as the arm, wrist and sword are brought to the right side of the body, Edge of the blade pointing right-hand downward. Nakayama Hakudo is respected as great Master and creator.